NAEB Convention Notes
NAEBers have received the fi'rst of sev¬
eral mailings concerning the NAEB na¬
tional convention October 31-November 3
at the Sheraton-Park Hotel, Washington.
Another will be mailed later this month.
Exhibit Coordinator Frank Masters has
announced that all exhibit space has been
sold; there are twice as many booths as
there were the last time the convention was
in Washington, in 1961.
CALL FOR RESEARCH PAPERS
Presley D. Holmes, chairman of the
NAEB Research Committee, is requesting
papers for presentation at the research ses¬
sion on November 1. The intent of the
convention session is to represent each divi¬
sion of the NAEB—ETS, NER, Instruc¬
tion, and Individual Member—with at least
r one paper from each. Send papers by Sep¬
tember 1 to: Dr. Presley Holmes, Ohio
University, Athens, Ohio 45701.
Lynn Kalnibach Dies
R. Lynn Kalmbach, general manager of
the South Carolina ETV network, died
June 14 of a heart attack. He was 51 years
He was nationally recognized as a leader
in educational television, and was responsible
for the development of the South Carolina
ETV system. He was current chairman of
the ETS CATV cofnmittee and had been
preparing testimony for an FCC hearing
His interest in communications began
early. When he was a school boy in Toledo,
Ohio, he learned radio repairing, the Morse
Code, and short-wave radio operation. As
a master’s degree candidate at the Univer¬
sity of South Carolina in the mid-1940s, he
often talked about using TV as a teaching
In 1958, while director of special services
with the Columbia (S. C.) schools, he was
appointed to membership in the original
supervisory committee for the state experi¬
ment in education by CCTV, and in 1960,
when the ETV network became a state
agency, he was named general manager.
1,840 Have Joined
As we go to press, the NAEB Individual
Member count is 1,840. Over 300 have
joined in the last six months.
Higher Education Act
In statements submitted to the Education
Subcommittee of the Senate Committee on
Labor and Public Welfare, a number of
NAEBers endorsed the objectives of the
bill, but requested that educational radio
and TV be specifically included—as they
have been in legislation for elementary and
secondary education and for arts and hu¬
Statements were submitted by NAEB
staffers William G. Harley, Jerrold Sand¬
ler, and Chalmers H. Marquis, and by
NER Board members E. G. Burrows,
Frank W. Norwood, and Marjorie New¬
man, and by Frank M. Woolsey, Jr., chair¬
man of the post-graduate medicine depart¬
ment of Albany Medical College.
Music Personnel to Meet
Plans for the fourth annual music per¬
sonnel conference have been announced by
Harry Welliver, chairman of the informal
organization of music programing person¬
nel from educational radio stations of the
Host station for the 1965 conference is
WGUC-FM, the University of Cincinnati,
where Joseph Sagmaster is director of
broadcasting. George Brengel, program su¬
pervisor, is in charge of local arrangements
and programing, assisted by Russell Walsh,
of KUOM, who arranged the 1964 meeting
on the campus of the University of Minne¬
The two-day session will begin at 9:00
a.m. Tuesday, September 28. Scheduled are
sessions on programing of contemporary
music, on recording techniques, and a panel
session on station public relations—in addi¬
tion to sessions involving all conferees in
discussion of everyday problems. Program
planners promise “a rare and most unusual
treat” for the entertainment feature the
Detailed programs and registration mate¬
rials will be mailed on or about September
1. Before then, additional information may
be obtained by writing Brengel at WGUC-
Testify on Copyright
A panel consisting of William G. Harley,
NAEB president, E. G. Burrows, vice chair¬
man of the NER board, and Eugene Aleini-
koff, chairman of the ETS-NET Copyright
Committee testified on June 4 before the
House Subcommittee on Copyright to
urge exemption from copyright restric¬
tions for educational radio and television.
Also testifying for educational broadcasting
were: Donald Quayle, Eastern Educational
Network; Raymond Hurlbert, Alabama
ETV Stations; and John Schwarzwalder,
KTCA, Minneapolis-St. Paul.
The proposed revision to the Copyright
Law exempts educational TV and radio
performances of non-dramatic or musical
works or exhibitions of a work—but only
if the program is primarily intended for
classroom consumption or a similar. place
‘‘normally devoted to instruction” and is “a
regular part of the systematic instructional
activities of a nonprofit educational insti¬
tution.” The spokesmen said that this nar¬
row concept would severely limit producers
of educational programs. They also pointed
out that the small staffs of educational
stations cannot cope with the often long,
arduous tasks of obtaining copyright clear¬
All urged the adoption of a revision
written by the Ad Hoc Committee on Copy¬
right Law, a committee representing some
thirty national education organizations.
Californians, Please Note
The California State Board of Education
has approved the NAEB for membership
by schools and by county superintendents
of schools for the years 1965-66, 1966-67,
Brown Joins NAEB Staff
Jack Brown joins the NAEB staff in
Washington on July 1 as assistant director
of research and development. He formerly
worked on the Great Plains ITV Library
ETV Mail Privileges Sought
A bill which would extend second-class
mailing privileges to publications of state
ETV agencies has been introduced into the
Senate. Senator Donald Russell of South
Carolina authored the bill.
Roeth Named to ECS
Harold W. Roeth, assistant manager in
charge of programs for WRVR, New York
City, has been appointed associate director
of the Educational Communications Sys¬
tem, effective August 1. He will be region¬
al director for the northeastern United
States, and will be responsible for the de¬
velopment of one of three pilot systems
which the NAEB project is designing un¬
der a USOE contract.
• ECS Director John P. Witherspoon
has announced members of an advisory com¬
mittee for the third or design phase of the
project. Members are Jack D. Summerfield,
general manager, WRVR, New York City,
chairman; Bertram Berenson, research pro¬
fessor of architecture, Louisiana State Uni¬
versity; Leslie P. Greenhill, director of the
Division of Instructional Services, Pennsyl¬
vania State University; Donald Larson, as¬
sistant chancellor, Oregon State System of
Higher Education; Carl Menzer, director
of broadcasting, University of Iowa; James
G. Miller, Mental Health Research Insti¬
tute and Inter-University Communications
Council, University of Michigan; George
E. Probst, Broadcasting Foundation of
America; Frank Schooley, director of
broadcasting, University of Illinois; C. Wal¬
ter Stone, director of university libraries,
University of Pittsburgh; Donald Taver¬
ner, president, Eastern Educational Net¬
work; and Robert Tschirgi, university dean
of academic planning, University of Cali¬
—by Bob Boston
The third NAEB national instructional
television conference attracted 175 persons
to Miami Beach May 8-11. All sessions were
at the Deauville Hotel except for one day
which conferees spent at the University of
Miami’s Learning and Instructional Re¬
Keynoter E. L. Chalmers, Jr., dean of Flor¬
ida State University’s College of Arts and
Sciences, stimulated the conferees with his
address, “An Educator Challenges Instruc¬
tional Television.” After listing four key
variables related to adult learning, he told
the group that in all four, television is less
advantageous than a live teacher in a class¬
room. The principal asset of TV in instruc¬
tion cited by Chalmers is financial economy.
Commercial broadcasters whose programs
appear on CBS and NBC presented samples
of their work and explained how their pro¬
grams are produced. Jerry Schnur discussed
the Chronicle series and Don Herbert con¬
cluded the conference with background in¬
formation about Meet Mr. Wizard.
At the NAEB Instructional Division bus¬
iness meeting, Chairman Charles J. McIn¬
tyre reported that no executive director for
the division had yet been selected and hired.
He invited all members to tell him of can¬
didates who might be qualified to fill the
McIntyre also announced that he will ap¬
point a division committee to study the ap¬
plicability of 2500 me television.
Date and place for the next ITV confer¬
ence was not announced, but will be forth¬
coming in a future Newsletter.
ETV Stations Offer
Short Courses for Adults
KTCA-TV, Minneapolis-St. Paul, which
first presented short courses for adults in
open broadcast for tuition in the fall of
1961, says that an increasing number of
ETV stations have been using these cours¬
es, offering them on a tuition basis.
South Carolina’s ETV center presented a
course in supervision in the spring of 1964
over its state network to 3500 paid enroll¬
ments. Later they offered “Efficient Read¬
ing” to 1000, “Basic Letter Writing” to 500,
and “Psychological Aspects of Supervision”
The Educational Resources Foundation
was incorporated by a committee from in¬
dustry with a full-time executive, Campbell
Sanders, to develop and present short cours¬
es for industry. They have developed sev¬
eral short courses and are in the process of
The Virginia chamber of commerce has
presented KTCA’s “Modern Supervisory
Practice” course to 3500 paid enrollments,
using three commercial and three ETV sta¬
tions. Through WMEB-TV, Orono, Maine,
the course reached 900 paid enrollments.
KTCA’s “Conversational Spanish” was
broadcast by Delta College with 300 en¬
rolled, WETA-TV, Washington, with 650
enrolled, and KFME, Fargo, N. D., with
A new course, “Advanced Concepts and
Techniques of Supervision” is currently be¬
ing offered over KTCA and WDSE, Du¬
luth, to 750 paid enrollments.
KTCA has developed a new short course
in conversational German for travelers,
which is available for use elsewhere.
Your Zip, Please!
So that you will continue to receive your
NAEB publications without delay, we must
have your zip code. Please check the en¬
velope for this Newsletter; if your zip code
is not there, please send it to: Mrs. Dotty
Templeton, NAEB, 119 Gregory Hall, Ur-
bana, Illinois 61803.
In Columbus the board approved a gen¬
eral budget for the Association of $135,000
not including division or project funds. It
also voted to hold the spring meeting of the
board in Washington; to reduce the Inter¬
national Associate fee to $100; to establish
a category of Military Associates; and to
permit a reduction of 50% normal fees for
• Kenneth Sparks, Syracuse University,
has compiled A Bibliography of Doctoral
Dissertations in Television and Radio. These
are for sale through the NAEB Publica¬
tions Office, Urbana, at $2 each, $1.50 to
NAEB Individual Members.
• Available on a first-come, first-served
basis to NAEBers are some copies of the
March issue of Programed Instruction, pub¬
lished by the Columbia University Center
for Programed Instruction. Included are
articles on using a programed text with
TV, “empirically validated” ITV, structur¬
ing ITV programs, and teaching via TV.
• A 57-page booklet reporting on Phases
I and II of the NAEB Educational Com¬
munications System project has been pub¬
lished. $2 each, $1.50 to NAEB Individual
Members. Write NAEB Publications Of¬
• While the supply lasts, NAEB Individ¬
ual Members may receive, free, a copy of
the president’s and financial report for the
NAEB for the period July 1963 through
December 1964. NAEB Publications Office,
• The NAEB has acquired a limited sup¬
ply of copies of a report by Donald L.
McCaleb, A Survey of the Uses of Tele¬
vision in the Public Relations Programs of
Colleges and Universities in California.
NAEBers may obtain copies of the 53-page
report without charge by writing to the
Publications Office. Some may have re¬
ceived the report direct from McCaleb, as
it was fifst announced in the December
• New Education is a monthly magazine
about the new techniques of education, pub¬
lished in Britain since November. $6 sub¬
scription rate. Bracken House, Cannon
Street, London EC4, England.
• TPEC, 600 Lewis Road, King of Prus¬
sia, Pennsylvania 19406, will send a leaflet
about their CCTV facilities for rental and
other requested information, free, to NAEB¬
ers asking for it.
• American School & University for
May 1965 carries an article by Lee Campion,
director, division of educational communi¬
cations, New York State Education Depart¬
ment. His article is “Value of an Educa¬
tional Communications Center for Multi-
Here and There
• The American Management Association
has scheduled a meeting and exhibit on The
Impact of Educational Technology, July 12-
lb, 1965, at the Americana Hotel, New
NAEB Newsletter, a monthly publication issued by the Na¬
tional Association of Educational Broadcasters, 119 Gregory Hall,
Urbana, III. 61803. $5.00 a year. Editor: Betty McKenzie. Phone
333-0580. Area Code 217. TWX 217-344-0970.
NAEB Headquarters: 1346 Connecticut Ave., N.W., Wash¬
ington, D.C., 20036. Phone 667-6000. Area Code 202. TWX 202-
York City. Managers, educators, govern¬
ment officials, and communications special¬
ists will participate i'n the conference.
Among the speakers are Peter G. Peterson,
president, Bell & Howell; John H. Fischer,
president, Teachers College, Columbia Uni¬
versity ; C. R. Carpenter, University of
North Carolina; Janies A. Finn, University
of Southern California; George Probst,
Edison Foundation; John F. White, NET;
J. W. Kiermaier, WNDT; Seymour Siegel,
Municipal Broadcasting System, New York;
and Louis Forsdale, Columbia University.
^ Walter P. Sheppard, assistant director
of broadcasting, WBUR, Boston University,
will become program director for WRVR,
New York City, on August 1. He replaces
Harold Roeth, who is leaving WRVR to
become associate director of NAEB’s ECS
^ Alexander J. Friedman, coordinator of
instructional resources, University of Mi¬
ami, will leave that post August 1 to be a
producer-director for WTHS-TV, Miami.
^ Two new TV staffers at the Communi¬
cation Center, Ball State University, are
George Howard, TV engineer, and Charles
Hernan, graphic artist and set designer.
Howard was previously crew chief at the
Army Guided Missile School, Huntsville,
Ala., and Hernan was a floor manager and
design technician with BBC at Glasgow,
^ When Si’ster Mary Helene attended the
National Catholic Education Association
meeting in New York recently, she also
appeared as a guest on NBC’s Today show.
She demonstrated the Westinghouse teach¬
er-operated closed-circuit system in use at
her school, St. Margaret of Scotland Con¬
^ Warren A. Kraetzer, manager of
WHYY-TV, Philadelphia, spent a week in
England last month observing program and
production techniques of the BBC. He met
with BBC officials to discuss mutual prob¬
lems faced by ETV broadcasters in the
U. S. and the ETV department of the BBC.
He also explored possibilities for interna¬
tional exchange of programs. His trip was
under a Ford Foundation grant.
^ Among seven directors-at-large elected
by the American Women in Radio and Tele¬
vision at their recent national convention
were Margaret Kilian, program director
for WABE, Atlanta Board of Education,
and Rose Blyth Kemp, director of TV, ra¬
dio and film activities in the public rela¬
tions department of the California Institute
^ KTCA-TV, Minneapolis-St. Paul, has
appointed George W. Dean as community
development coordinator. In the newly cre¬
ated position, his duties will include estab¬
lishment of new and broader financial bases
for expansion of present facilities and ac¬
quisition of new facilities.
^ Ian N. Wheeler, special TV consultant
to the USOE, ETV Facilities Program, has
resigned to accept the position of station
manager of the first ETV station in Kan¬
sas, to be located in Topeka.
^ John H. Worthington has left MPATI,
where he was secretary and assistant to the
chairman, to join the Detroit News staff as
administrative assistant to the general man¬
^ Richard J. Meyer, TV and educational
communications consultant, has announced
the opening of a new office at 240 West
Fourth Street, New York, New York 10014.
STATE AND REGIONAL
^ The West Virginia Educational Broad¬
casting Authority has hired its first execu¬
tive secretary: Harry Brawley. He comes
to the post July 1 from WCHS, Charles¬
ton, where he has directed public affairs
^ The governor’s advisory committee on
ETV met at Fresno, Calif., recently to hear
proposals from various consulting firms for
a statewide study of ETV.
^ Delaware’s state ETV network expects
to start transmitting material in mid-Sep¬
tember. Because the production center will
not be complete until early 1966, the first
programing will be videotapes and films of
educational material from around the U. S.
The Delaware system will serve all the
public schools in the state.
► NAEBer Richard Burdick is one of the
six winners announced in the Alcoa-WQED
TV playwright contest. His winning script
is entitled “The Tin Whistle.” Burdick,
now general manager of Boston Broadcast¬
ers, Inc., Boston, was general manager of
WHYY, Philadelphia until January, 1964,
when he left to accept the Boston post.
The prize-winning scripts will be pro¬
duced at WQED and the six writers will
each receive $1,000. The station received
over 1600 letters of inquiry when the con¬
test was announced, and 615 scripts were
► At its May 25 public meeting, the board
of education, Newark, N. J., reversed an
earlier decision to eliminate funds for the
operation of WBGO from the 1965-66 bud¬
get. The money has been restored.
^ The Student Government Association of
the University of Massachusetts recently
voted $1,000 to support WFCR. Station
Manager A1 Hulsen said the gift will make
it possible for WFCR to broadcast some of
the outstanding musical programs to be re¬
corded at European festivals this summer.
In what may be the only utilization
of its kind in the country today,
the Great Neck (Long Island)
school system sends its TV teachers
out of the studio to visit classrooms
French has been taught to all
5th and 6th grades via television
since October, 1962. The two TV
French teachers leave the studio
after the completion of the tele¬
cast each day. They visit in person
all of the 5th and 6th grade class¬
es once a week in a 20-minute live
follow-up to the TV lessons.
Mrs. Lilian Lazar visits some
schools and Mrs. Juliann Grand-
champ visits the rest. So that they
are equipped to handle the live
follow-up in both grades in their
respective schools, the teachers
switch about once a month in their
instruction by television, i.e., the
one who has been teaching 5th
graders changes to teaching 6th
graders and vice versa.
Currently this system is being
evaluated to determine whether a
television French teacher should
only teach one grade level through¬
out the year and visit only those
classes which receive her lessons.
In the photos, above, Mrs. Lilian
Lazar teaches the lesson from the
studio at South Junior School. Be¬
low, the 5th grade class of Eugene
Hanson at Lakeville School receives
y This summer Harvard University is in¬
stalling a special $100,000 network of co¬
axial cables and amplifiers to provide multi¬
channel distribution throughout the univer¬
sity of computer information, TV signals,
and other electronic data. Making use of
technical facilities in the WGBH-TV
studios, the system will eventually link li¬
braries, laboratories, and classrooms of the
university for prompt interchange of infor¬
mation and demonstrations.
y The local Kiwanis Clubs recently pre¬
sented $3,588 to KRMA-TV, Denver, as a
grant for production and recording last
year of the six-program series Count Down
y Marvi'n Rapp, president of the Long Is¬
land ETV Council, hopes to have Channel
53 on the air before the end of the year.
CBS has given equipment valued at $115,-
000 to the council.
y June 3 was the date for raising a 200-
foot antenna tower atop a 612-foot build¬
ing to give WTTW and WXXW trouble-
free reception over a 60-mile radius around
Chicago. This is reported as the first time
that a UHF and VHF helical antenna have
been united in a single tower, transmitting
two TV broadcast signals from a single
The Chicago ETV Association also re¬
cently accepted its 37th member, the first
to be admitted in several years: Barat Col¬
lege of the Sacred Heart.
y WCET, Cincinnati, has received $25,000
for new equipment, from the Crosley Foun¬
y Prominent New Yorkers met May 17 to
inaugurate the Friends of Channel 13, a
group supporting WNDT.
y The Tri-State Instructional Broadcast¬
ing Council has announced that it was serv¬
ing about 400,000 elementary and second¬
ary students in Pennsylvania, New Jersey,
and Delaware at the end of the school year.
y FM educational programs reached an
estimated 300,000 students in elementary
grades of 185 school systems in New York
last year, according to the Empire State
FM School of the Air. The school offered
fourteen different programs weekly through
a network of 14 FM radio stations.
y With a recent program including a per¬
formance by the 26th Air Division Band,
Miss Katherine Turnbull completed her
sixth year of Understanding Music. Stu¬
dents throughout the Schenectady, N. Y.,
area view the programs, for which WMHT
provides preparatory and follow-up mate¬
rial for teachers.
y For its series Profile: Traffic Safety
WHA-TV, University of Wisconsin, has
won the Alfred P. Sloan Award, a citation
for distinguished service to safety present¬
ed by the National Safety Council. Lee D.
O’Brien produced the programs, which were
written by Alan Chechik and William Rich¬
ards. The program used films, slides, and
pictures to take a close look at the three
E’s of traffic safety—Education, Engineer¬
ing, and Enforcement.
y “Civil and Criminal Commitment: Medi¬
cine and the Law” is the name of a one-
hour report produced by WGBH-FM, Bos¬
ton. Four prominent legal and medical fig¬
ures discussed the dilemma of a society
which seeks to aid the mentally ill yet is
hampered by the fact that involuntary com¬
mitment may infringe on civil liberty.
y KOAP-TV, Portland, Oregon, is mak¬
ing a TV documentary about a day in the
life of a state legislator.
^ WTVS, Detroit, recently offered view¬
ers 10 hours of special programs—a samp¬
ler of what ETV has offered in the 10
years WTVS has been on the air. (October
12 is actually the anniversary date.)
y WNED-TV, Buffalo, recently present¬
ed an hour special, “Conversation: Alco¬
holism.” Three panelists discussed the dif¬
ference between the social drinker and the
alcoholic, the physical effects of alcoholism,
and the problem of teen-age drinking. On
the panel were the executive director and
vice-president of the National Council on
Alcoholism and the director of the commu¬
nity health department of the American
Medical Association. Joe Vecchione pro¬
duced the program.
y KVCR-TV, San Bernardino, Calif., has
taped two half-hour programs featuring M.
Gerard de la Villesbrunne, counselor of the
French Embassy, Washington. He discussed
Charles de Gaulle’s views on world affairs.
(For information, write the Placement Service, at the NAEB office in Wash¬
ington. In order to be considered through these channels, the reader must
be an Individual Member of the NAEB, with credentials on file with the
NAEB Placement Service. Non-members can save time by sending the $10
annual dues and $10 Placement registration fee at the time of inquiry.)
July I Inter-institutional ITV network in Southwest seeks producer-director specializing in
higher education. Ability to deal convincingly with faculty planning committees es¬
sential. May also produce and direct general adult programs. M.A. preferred but
not essential for experienced person. Salary: $7,000.
July 2 Producer-director for large Midwestern university AM-FM service. Duties include
daily magazine format air shift. Excellent creative opportunity with respected pro¬
gressive station. Can continue education while employed full time. Experience pre¬
ferred but not essential. $6,000 to $8,000 with top fringe benefits. September I.
July 3 Program manager for statewide ETV network. Assistant professor rank with possible
limited teaching responsibilities. Ph.D. or at least Mi.A. with extensive experience in
producing, directing and programing an ETV station with knowledge of cultural,
community, instructional and public service programing and program sources.
$1 1,000 to $1 1,700. July I.
July 4 Production-operations manager for state ETV network. Assistant professor rank with
possible limited teaching responsibilities. Ph.D. preferred; M.A. mandatory. Must
have extensive experience in ETV production, staff supervision, and fiscal manage¬
ment. Must be experienced producer-director of high quality community, cultural
and instructional programing. University-oriented applicant preferred. $11,000 to
$1 1,700. July I.
July 5 Senior producer-director for ETV net. Instructor rank. Must have M.A. and extensive
experience in on-the-air production and direction of in-school, public service and
cultural programing over an ETV station. $8,400 to $9,000. July I.
July 6 TV graphic arts supervisor for state ETV net. Instructor position in university pro¬
duction center. Must have extensive experience in design and execution of TV graphics
for in-school, community and cultural ETV programing. Must have supervisory and
creative ability under pressure of broadcast operation. $8,400 to $9,000. July I.
July 7 Chief engineer for state ETV net. Assistant professor in university-operated ETV net¬
work; no teaching. College degree preferred. Must have practical, design and sta¬
tion engineering experience. First class license required. Must have extensive super¬
visory experience and ETV broadcasting experience. $11,000 to $11,700. July I.
July 8 Director-manager of closed-circuit installation at major university. Assistant profes¬
sorship with some teaching. Ph.D. or near completion desired. Must have education
background and experience in coordinating, producing and directing ITV lessons
at college level. Must be capable of teaching ETV and developing ITV programs
and their utilization. AV experience desired. $11,000 to $ I 1,700. _ July I.
July 9 Director of program development for extension division of major university. As¬
sistant to associate professorship. Ph.D. preferred but M.A. plus experience accept¬
able. Must have experience in coordinating, writing and producing adult and col¬
lege level cultural and instructional programing for broadcast; also in over-all
packaging of adult and college level ETV program fare with creativity and academic
intellectual honesty. Directing experience desired. $11,300 to $12,000. July I.
Technical institute in large eastern city has four September openings. Ph.D.
or near essential. Salaries are: instructor $5500 and up; assistant professor
$7000 and up; associate professor $8000 and up; professor $9000. Needed
July 10 Verson to teach speech fundamentals and to develop speech correction.
July I I Person to teach speech fundamentals and English.
July 12 Person to teach speech fundamentals and to develop drama.
July 13 Person to teach speech fundamentals and to develop business speech.
Scanned from the National Association of Educational Broadcasters Records
at the Wisconsin Historical Society as part of
"Unlocking the Airwaves: Revitalizing an Early Public and Educational Radio Collection."
'oiTu> c KTwe
A collaboration among the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities,
University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Communication Arts,
and Wisconsin Historical Society.
Supported by a Humanities Collections and Reference Resources grant from
the National Endowment for the Humanities
I I T I—I MARYLAND INSTITUTE for
I TECHNOLOGY in the HUMANITIES
NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE
views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication/collection do not necessarily reflect those of the
National Endowment for the Humanities.